Digital Technology

List of public corporations by market capitalization. (2020, September 1). In Wikipedia.

Mullins, R. (2012). What is a Turing machine? University of Cambridge.

Church–Turing thesis. (2020, August 3). In Wikipedia.

Jedlicka, P. (2017, October 24). Revisiting the Quantum Brain Hypothesis: Toward Quantum (Neuro)biology? Frontiers.

Timpson, Christopher G. “Quantum Computers: The Church-Turing Hypothesis Versus the Turing Principle.” Alan Turing: Life and Legacy of a Great Thinker, Springer Berlin Heidelberg, 2004, pp. 213–40,

Wright brothers. (2020, August 25). In Wikipedia.

British Overseas Airways Corporation. (2020, September 6). In Wikipedia.

Neuroscience News. (2018, December 3). Man Versus Machine: Who Wins When It Comes to Facial Recognition?

Phillips, P. J et al., (2018). Face recognition accuracy of forensic examiners, super recognizers, and face recognition algorithms. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 115(24), 6171–6176.

Urmson, C. (2012, August 7). The self-driving car logs more miles on new wheels. Official Google Blog.

Borowiec, S. (2017, November 29). AlphaGo seals 4–1 victory over Go grandmaster Lee Sedol. The Guardian.

AlphaZero. (2020, September 9). In Wikipedia.

Parkin, S. (2020, April 2). The Artificially Intelligent Doctor Will Hear You Now. MIT Technology Review.

Part One: Laying a Foundation

Deutsch, D. (2011). The Beginning of Infinity: Explanations That Transform the World. Viking Adult.

Ablow, K. (2015, November 18). Was the Unabomber correct? Fox News.

Red flag traffic laws. (2020, July 2). In Wikipedia.

Kang, C. (2017, April 26). F.C.C. Chairman Pushes Sweeping Changes to Net Neutrality Rules. The New York Times.

Harari, Y. N. (2011). Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind. Penguin Random House

Malthus, T. R. (1798). Essay on the Principle of Population.

Gold, H. (2017, February 24). Breitbart reveals owners: CEO Larry Solov, the Mercer family and Susie Breitbart. POLITICO.

Part Two: Capital Is Sufficient

How much oxygen does a person consume in a day? (2000, April 1). HowStuffWorks.

Water: How much should you drink every day? (2020, October 14). Mayo Clinic.

U.S. Department of Agriculture and U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2015, December). 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans (8th Edition)

World Population Clock: 7.9 Billion People (2021) - Worldometer. (n.d.). World Meters.

Roser, M. (2013, May 25). Global Extreme Poverty. Our World in Data.

Ritchie, H. (2019, November 13). Land Use. Our World in Data.

Ausubel, J. H., Wernick, I. K., & Waggoner, P. E. (2013). Peak Farmland and the Prospect for Land Sparing. Population and Development Review, 38, 221–242

Ewers, R. M.,Scharlemann, J. P. W., Balmford, A., & Green, R. E. (2009). Do increases in agricultural yield spare land for nature? Global Change Biology, 15(7), 1716–1726.

Roser, M. (2017, December 2). Fertility Rate. Our World in Data.

Roser, M. (2019, November). Future Population Growth. Our World in Data.

Roser, M., & Ritchie, H. (2013, May 11). Technological Progress. Our World in Data.

Lewis, N. (2018, December 17). The Financial System Should Be Less Than Half The Size of Today. Forbes.

Ramankutty, N. et al., (2018). Trends in Global Agricultural Land Use: Implications for Environmental Health and Food Security. Annual Review of Plant Biology, 69(1), 789–815.

Harding, R. (2020, January 23). Vertical farming finally grows up in Japan. Financial Times.

Harford, B. T. (2017, February 6). Why the falling cost of light matters. BBC News.

Nordhaus,W. (1994). Do Real Output and Real Wage Measures Capture Reality? The History of Lighting Suggests Not, Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1078, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.

Berners-Lee, M. (2019). There Is No Planet B: A Handbook for the Make or Break Years Iillustrated ed.). Cambridge University Press.

Part Three: Attention Is Scarce

Rodrick, S. (2019, December 23). All-American Despair. Rolling Stone.

Suicide statistics. (2019, November 15). American Foundation for Suicide Prevention.

Inglehart, R., & Norris, P. (2016). Trump, Brexit, and the Rise of Populism: Economic Have-Nots and Cultural Backlash. SSRN Electronic Journal.

White, R. (2019, October 7). Ancient Maya Canals and Fields Show Early and Extensive Impacts on Tropical Forests. UT News.

Simon, C. (2020, February 28). New clues about how and why the Maya culture collapsed. Harvard Gazette.

Seligson, K. (2019, May 20). Misreading the story of climate change and the Maya. The Conversation.

Kemp, S. (2020, February 4). Digital 2020: 3.8 billion people use social media. We Are Social.

The Nielsen Total Audience Report. (2020, August 13). Nielsen.

O’Toole, G. (2011, November 16). “How Will You Get Robots to Pay Union Dues?” “How Will You Get Robots to Buy Cars?” Quote Investigator.

Bernstein, A., & Raman, A. (2015, June). The Great Decoupling: An Interview with Erik Brynjolfsson and Andrew McAfee. Harvard Business Review.

Understanding the Historic Divergence Between Productivity and a Typical Worker’s Pay: Why It Matters and Why It’s Real. (n.d.). Economic Policy Institute.

The Economist. (2016, January 28). Machine earning.

Kilby, E.R. (2007). The demographics of the U.S. equine population. In D.J. Salem & A.N. Rowan (Eds.), The state of the animals 2007 (pp. 175-205). Washington, DC: Humane Society Press.

Leontief, W. (1952). MACHINES AND MAN. Scientific American, 187(3), 150-164. Retrieved from

Wong, J. I. (2016, April 7). A fleet of trucks just drove themselves across Europe. Quartz.

Kopp, C. (2021, February 12). Creative Destruction Definition. Investopedia.

Wenger, A. (2012, January 26). Supermodularity And Service Bundling. Continuations by Albert Wenger.

Allison, B., & Harkins, S. (2014, November 17). Fixed Fortunes: Biggest corporate political interests spend billions, get trillions. Sunlight Foundation.

O’Dell, R., & Penzenstadler, N. (2019, April 4). You elected them to write new laws. They’re letting corporations do it instead. Center for Public Integrity.

Sample, I. (2018, February 14). Harvard University says it can’t afford journal publishers’ prices. The Guardian.

Constructor theory. (2020, August 24). In Wikipedia.

NASA. (2018, December). Journey to Mars: Pioneering Next Steps in Space Exploration.

Vosoughi, S., Roy, D., & Aral, S. (2018). The spread of true and false news online. Science, 359(6380), 1146–1151.

Part Four: Enhancing Freedom

Leonhardt, M. (2020, January 22). 41% of Americans would be able to cover a $1,000 emergency with savings. CNBC.

Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System. (2020, May). Report on the Economic Well-Being of U.S. Households in 2019 Featuring Supplemental Data from April 2020. Federal Reserve.

Backman, M. (2020, February 19). You’ll Be Shocked by How Many Americans Have No Retirement Savings at All. The Motley Fool.

Discovery doctrine. (2020, September 22). In Wikipedia.

World Health Organization. (n.d.). Air pollution.

U.S. Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States: 1949. (Seventh edition.) Washington, D.C., 1949

OECD (2021), General government spending (indicator). doi: 10.1787/a31cbf4d-en (Accessed on 07 July 2021)

Crane, J., & Marchese, K. (2015, September 2). 3D opportunity for the supply chain: Additive manufacturing delivers. Deloitte Insights.

Orrall, J. (2020, September 27). Houses 3D-printed in just 24 hours now shipping in California. CNET.

Macguire, B. F. E. C. (2014, October 24). Houses given away for free in Detroit. CNN. is the first person,in the city’s Banglatown district

Joint Center for Housing Studies of Harvard University. (2020). America’s Rental Housing.

Bariso, J. (2020, August 19). Google Has a Plan to Disrupt the College Degree. Inc.Com.

Hamblin, J. (2016, November 30). How Cubans Live as Long as Americans at a Tenth of the Cost. The Atlantic.

The American Academy of Actuaries. (2018, March). Prescription Drug Spending in the U.S. Health Care System. American Academy of Actuaries.

OECD. (2019). Health resources - Pharmaceutical spending. OECD Data.

Mosse, R. (2015, December 21). The Genesis Engine. Wired.

U.S. Census Bureau. (2019, July). U.S. Census Bureau QuickFacts: United States. Census Bureau Quick Facts.

U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis. (2020, February). Gross Domestic Product, Fourth Quarter and Year 2019 (Second Estimate), U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA).

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. (2021, March 25). Gross Output of All Industries. FRED.

OECD. (2020). Details of Tax Revenue - United States. OECD Stats.

Military budget of the United States. (2020, September 7). In Wikipedia.

Stoller, M. (2020, April 9). The Cantillon Effect: Why Wall Street Gets a Bailout and You Don’t. BIG by Matt Stoller.

Federal Reserve Bank of New York. (2020). Household Debt and Credit Report.

Fontinelle, A. (2021, February 11). Auto Loan Balances Hit $1.36 Trillion in 2020. Investopedia.

White, A. (2021, May 4). Credit card debt in the U.S. hits all-time high of $930 billion—here’s how to tackle yours with a balance transfer. CNBC.

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. (2021, March 11). Nonfinancial Business; Debt Securities and Loans; Liability, Level. FRED.

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis. (2021, March 11). Domestic Financial Sectors; Debt Securities and Loans; Liability, Level. FRED.

Napster Settlement Offer Rejected. (2001, March 6). CBS News.

Kemp, S. (2020, January 30). Digital 2020: Global Digital Overview. DataReportal – Global Digital Insights.

Roy, P. (2019, March 18). Mobile data: Why India has the world’s cheapest. BBC News.

MIMO. (2020, August 29). In Wikipedia.

Great Firewall. (2020, October 2). In Wikipedia.

Wenger, A. (2017, July 31). VPNs and Informational Freedom. Continuations by Albert Wenger.

Wenger, A. (2017, March 24). Government Just Gave Your ISP Even More Power: You Can Take it Back! Continuations by Albert Wenger.

Vincent, J. (2016, February 8). Facebook’s Free Basics service has been banned in India. The Verge.

Tim Berners-Lee. (n.d.). W3C.

Whitford, E. (2015, September 10). Judge: Uber’s E-Hails Are Legal, Taxi Industry Must Be “Wary.” Gothamist.

Manthorpe, R. (2018, April 17). What is Open Banking and PSD2? WIRED explains. WIRED UK. Banking also part of,Payment Services Directive%2C or PSD2.&text=The difference is that whereas,so in a standard format.

Nipps, K. (2014). Cum privilegio: Licensing of the Press Act of 1662. The Library Quarterly, 84(4), 494–500.

Deazley, R. (2004). On the Origin of the Right to Copy: Charting the Movement of Copyright Law in Eighteenth Century Britain (1695–1775) (First Edition). Hart Publishing.

U.S. Copyright Office. (2019, December). Circular 1: Copyright Basics,” U.S. Copyright Office.

Slaton, J. (1999, January 13). A Mickey Mouse Copyright Law? Wired.

Andrews, E. (2018, September 1). What is the oldest known piece of music? HISTORY.

Wulstan, D. (1971). The Earliest Musical Notation. Music & Letters, 52(4), 365-382. Retrieved May 8, 2021, from

Smith, D. (2020, August 27). Despite Streaming, US Recorded Music Revenues Still Down 50% From 1999 Peaks. Digital Music News.

Johnson, S. (2015, August 19). The Creative Apocalypse That Wasn’t. The New York Times.

Sony Music - Overview, News & Competitors. (n.d.). ZoomInfo.

Universal Music - Overview, News & Competitors. (n.d.). ZoomInfo.

Warner Music Group - Company Profile and News, (n.d.). Bloomberg.

Kinsella, S. (2013, December 1). Study: Most Important Innovations Are Not Patented. The Center for the Study of Innovative Freedom.

History of patent law. (2020, August 14). In Wikipedia.

Boldrin, M., & Levine, D. K. (2010). Against Intellectual Monopoly (1st ed.). Cambridge University Press.

Next Gen Seek. (2021, April 26). Comparing Price and Tech. Specs. of Illumina MiSeq, Ion Torrent PGM, 454 GS Junior, and PacBio RS.

Illumina Next Generation Sequencing. (2021). Science Exchange.

Willyard, C. (2019, December 20). Lyme Vaccines Show New Promise, and Face Old Challenges. Undark Magazine.

Liptak, A. (2017, May 22). Supreme Court Ruling Could Hinder ‘Patent Trolls.’ The New York Times. %E2%80%94 The Supreme Court on,royalties and sue for damages

Doyle, A., & Scrutton, A. (2016, April 12). Privacy, what privacy? Many Nordic tax records are a phone call away. Reuters.

Zorabedian, J. (2015, July 17). Why this doctor posted his medical history online for anyone to see. Naked Security.

McCandless, D. (2020, December 9). World’s Biggest Data Breaches & Hacks. Information Is Beautiful.

S. (2013, October 30). Culture Shock in China - Bathrooms. Chinese Language Blog.

McClintock, L. (2020, March 10). How Meditation Changes the Brain. Psych Central.

Cognitive behavioral therapy. (2020, September 29). In Wikipedia.

Skidelsky, R., & Skidelsky, E. (2013). How Much is Enough?: Money and the Good Life. Other Press.

Orlo Salon. (n.d.). Orlo Salon Price List. Orlo Salon.

Cross, H. (2020, June 17). 9 Most Expensive New York City Restaurants. TripSavvy.

Szalavitz, M. (2017, June 14). Why Disappointment Is So Devastating: Dopamine, Addiction, and the Hedonic Treadmill. Pacific Standard.

Wenger, A. (2011, October 3). Needed: The Opposing View Reader. Continuations by Albert Wenger.

Pariser, E. (2021). The Filter Bubble. Penguin Random House.

Kahneman, D. (2013). Thinking, Fast and Slow (1st ed.). Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Part Five: Taking Action

Powers, W., & Roy, D. (2018, March 19). The Incredible Jun: A Town that Runs on Social Media. Medium.

Haverstock, E. (2020, April 14). Changing FDA rules leave startups in limbo over at-home COVID-19 tests. PitchBook.